South Africa is a country of incredible beauty and diversity, with a unique and fascinating history. From its stunning landscapes to its abundant wildlife, South Africa is known around the world for its natural wonders. During the 20th century, the black majority sought to gain more rights from the white minority, leading to a long and sometimes violent struggle for equality. In 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups were granted political representation in the country's liberal democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces.
South Africa is often referred to as the “Rainbow Nation” due to its multicultural diversity, particularly after apartheid. South Africa is also one of the world's largest producers of gems and precious metals, thanks to its abundance of mineral resources found in its varied landscapes. It was south of the furthest point reached by its predecessor in 1485, Portuguese navigator Diogo Cão (Cape Cross, north of the bay). If you're looking for something different from the typical tourist experience or if you have plenty of time to explore South Africa in depth, there are many hidden gems to discover. The land (approximately 400-500 m above sea level) between two mountain ranges in the south (i.e., South Africa borders Namibia to the northwest, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the north, and Mozambique and Swaziland to the northeast and east) is home to some of South Africa's most iconic landmarks and tourist attractions. This World Heritage site includes eight years after the end of the Second Boer War and after four years of negotiations, an Act of the British Parliament (Act 190 of South Africa) granted nominal independence while creating the Union of South Africa on May 31, 1910. South Africa is the largest nation in southern Africa and the 25th largest country in the world by land mass.
Its natural resources, agriculture, tourism and manufacturing have made it the largest economy on the continent. South Africa's coasts border both the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Visitors will find that prices are incredibly cheap when paying with anything other than South African Rand. South Africa has three capitals - Pretoria for executive functions, Bloemfontein for judicial functions and Cape Town for legislative functions. One of South Africa's most popular local drinks is Dom Pedro - a milkshake for adults! It's best enjoyed in its home country. In South Africa it can be easy to forget that it is mostly classified as a “third world” country.
However, despite this classification, South Africa offers visitors an unforgettable experience with its unique culture, stunning landscapes and abundant wildlife.