South Africa is known worldwide for its incredible landscapes and its unique and abundant wildlife. During the 20th century, the black majority sought to claim more rights from the dominant white minority, which played an important role in the country's recent history and politics. The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalizing former racial segregation. After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress (ANC) and other anti-apartheid activists, both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in the mid-1980s.
Since 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups have had political representation in the country's liberal democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces. South Africa is often referred to as the rainbow nation to describe the country's multicultural diversity, especially after apartheid. South Africa is one of the world's largest producers of gems and precious metals, due to the abundance of mineral resources found in the unique and varied landscapes. It was south of the furthest point where its predecessor arrived in 1485, the Portuguese navigator Diogo Cão (Cape Cross, north of the bay).
If you want to do something different from the rest of the tourists, or if you have a lot of time in South Africa and want to go deeper into it, there are many hidden gems in South Africa. The land (approximately 400—500 m above sea level) between two of these mountain ranges in the south (i.e., South Africa borders Namibia to the northwest, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the north, and Mozambique and Swaziland to the northeast and east. Eight years after the end of the Second Boer War and after four years of negotiations, an Act of the British Parliament (Act 190 of South Africa) granted nominal independence, while creating the Union of South Africa on May 31, 1910.This World Heritage site encompasses several of South Africa's most prominent landmarks and tourist attractions. South Africa is the largest nation in southern Africa and the twenty-fifth largest country in the world by land mass.
Natural resources, agriculture, tourism and manufacturing have made South Africa the largest economy on the continent. South Africa's coasts border the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Amazing wine, and incredibly cheap (if you come to the country with anything other than South African Rand). South Africa has three capitals, with the executive, judicial and legislative branches of government based in Pretoria, Bloemfontein and Cape Town, respectively.
But the best way to enjoy this local liquor is through Dom Pedro, the milkshake for adults from South Africa. In South Africa, it can be easy to forget that you are in a country that is mostly classified as a “third world”.