What are 2 things south africa known for?

Did you know that? South Africa celebrates its annual Heritage Day on September 24.On this day, South Africans gather to celebrate their diverse cultures, traditions and beliefs. You will most likely find people enjoying a braai (barbecue) and dressed in traditional attire. Dr. Christiaan Barnard, South African, performed the world's first heart transplant on December 3, 1967 at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town.

The innovative surgery was performed at Louis Washkansky and Dr. Barnard was assisted by a large and exceptional team of surgeons, nurses and technicians. One of the assistants of Dr. Barnard was Hamilton Naki, a black laboratory assistant who had previously worked as a gardener and went on to work in the animal laboratory at the University of Cape Town.

I had helped Dr. Barnard with the research that led to the transplant. In the days of apartheid, Naki did not have access to higher education because of his race. Despite not being able to access formal training, he learned and helped university researchers and went on to do an incredible job.

Cape Town's iconic Table Mountain is believed to be one of the oldest mountains in the world. Table Mountain is approximately 260 million years old; it is also home to thousands of plant species, including species unique to the Cape Floral Region. The glorious mountain is one of the 7 new natural wonders of the world. Apparently, it is also one of the 12 major energy centers on the planet that emit spiritual, magnetic and electrical energies.

It's also a popular hiking destination with hundreds of routes to explore. The 216 m (709 ft) jump of the Bloukrans Bridge, the highest bridge in Africa, falls over the Bloukrans River Valley. The oldest bungee jumper in the world, South African Mohr Keet, jumped off the bridge when he was born, it was Rolihlahla Mandela. On his first day of school, his teacher gave him the name Nelson, following the custom in the 1920s of giving all children names in English since English colonials' couldn't 'pronounce African names.

When he was 16 years old he was given the name of Dalibhunga ('creator or founder of the council') during a traditional ceremony of rites of passage. South Africans commonly call it Madiba, which is the name of the Thembu clan to which it belongs, or simply Tata or Khulu, the Xhosa words for “father” and “grandfather”. And it has more than 2,200 species of plants, 70 percent of which are endemic. Route 62 stretches between Cape Town, Constantia and Port Elizabeth, passing through Oudtshoorn and the Garden Route, and spans 350 years of winemaking as it passes classic Cape Dutch farms, green mountains, 200 wineries and miles and miles of vineyards.

Between May and July, millions of small silverfish travel on huge sandbanks from the cold waters of Cape Point in South Africa to the coasts of the northern Eastern Cape and south of KwaZulu-Natal. This annual migration event is Sardine Run. The sandbanks are so large (15 km long, 3.5 km wide and up to 40 m deep) that they can be seen by satellite. In its wake come hundreds of birds, sharks, whales, dolphins, all eager to fossilize hominid bones dating from 4.5 to 2.5 million years old were found in limestone caves about 50 km northwest of Johannesburg.

In the caves of Sterkfontein, there was also evidence that humans used stone tools two million years ago and made fire 1.8 million years ago. The Sans hunter-gatherers and the Khoi shepherds together became known as the KhoiSan and lived in what is now the Western Cape around 300 AD. The Zulu and Xhosa tribes established great kingdoms in the region in the 15th century. When the Afrikaaner Nationalist Party came to power in 1948, its policy of apartheid (separation) segregated blacks and whites, forced hundreds of thousands of people to resettle into black “homelands” and imprisoned, killed or sent their opponents into exile.

The African National Congress (ANC) fought against apartheid initially through civil disobedience, but after the Sharpeville massacre in 1960 (when police killed 70 demonstrators), it formed a military wing under Nelson Mandela. Finally, after decades of international sanctions and boycotts, ANC opposition and public uprisings, the South African apartheid government agreed to repeal apartheid laws and hold democratic elections. In 1994, Nelson Mandela became South Africa's first black president; April 27 is now Freedom Day. iSizulu (the most widely spoken), Afrikaans, ISiXhosa (second most common), SiSwati, Sesotho, Xitsonga, Sepedi, IsIndeBele, Setswana, Tshivenda and English, which is the language of business, politics and media.

There are also a large number of other non-official languages. Most Africans speak more than one language. The 35,000 cyclists taking part in the 109km Cape Town Cycling Tour race along the southern peninsula of Cape Town and along the spectacular coastal mountain road called Chapman's Peak Drive. Hydraulic engineer Ferdinand Chauvier invented the 'KreepyKrauly' in 1974, which used pressurized water to suck leaves and pieces of dirt out of the pool.

It is an acronym that refers to an association of the five main markets of the emerging world. Composed of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, BRICS account for 42% of the world's population. South Africa is also part of the G-20, an international forum for the world's top 20 economies. Up to 72 passengers can travel on luxurious wood-paneled Rovos trains; Royal Suites are half a car and feature large bathrooms, separate shower, permanent double bed and two armchairs.

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It has an area of 1,219,090 square km. Its capital is Pretoria and the largest city is Johannesburg. Zulu, Xhosa, Afrikaans, English, Tsonga, Swazi and Venda are some of its official languages.

Its official currency is the South African rand (ZAR). Six countries sharing land borders with South Africa are Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Lesotho and Zimbabwe. South Africa is a multi-ethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages and religions. Let's learn more about its people, culture, wildlife, geography, history, industries; and some information and curiosities about South Africa for children.

The most famous wildlife area in South Africa is the Kruger National Park. With an area of almost 2 million hectares, it is home to a remarkable variety of wildlife, including the “Big 5”: elephants, rhinos, lions, leopards and buffaloes. Certain sections of this park can be very busy and a little research is needed to find a more secluded corner with fewer tourists to compete with for the best wildlife viewing opportunities. From aardvarks to zebras, South Africa is full of wildlife.

The country occupies only about one percent of the Earth's land surface, but is home to nearly 10 percent of the world's known bird, fish and plant species and about 6 percent of its mammal and reptile species. The world's leading diamond company, De Beers, was created in Kimberley, South Africa, by Cecil Rhodes in 1881.Lions, elephants and giraffes can't roam the streets of the city, but nature and animals are never too far away in South Africa. In 1652, the Netherlands established the southern city of Cape Town, and Dutch farmers, called Boers, began to settle in the vicinity of the city. But the best way to enjoy this local liquor is through Dom Pedro, the milkshake for adults from South Africa.

Whether you're driving through the congested city center, snaking the two-lane highway above the ocean along the coast, or driving on the east side through the leafy southern suburbs, the stretch of mountains creates a journey that feels like a privilege. South Africa works to preserve its wildlife with dozens of protected terrestrial and marine areas, including the famous Kruger National Park in the north, as well as nearly 9,000 privately owned game reserves across the country. In South Africa, it can be easy to forget that you are in a country that is mostly classified as “third world”. From controversial diamonds and delightfully affordable wines, the best wildlife on earth to vast mountain ranges and sparkling oceans, South Africa is a country like no other.

And within the international wine industry, Italy leads total production, followed closely by France and Spain, and South Africa ranks eighth. In 1963, Nelson Mandela, head of the African National Congress against Apartheid, was sentenced to life imprisonment for terrorist activities. Finally forced to confront the unsustainable nature of ethnic separatism in a multicultural land, the South African government of F. Other game reserves should be on your list in South Africa if the Kruger, with heavy traffic, is not your style.

South Africa has been a democratic republic since it held its first truly open elections on 27 April 1994. . .

Esther Woodcock
Esther Woodcock

Esther has been in Marketing field for 15 years